Natura 2000

What does Natura 2000 mean?

Natura 2000 is a European network of natural protected areas, covering a representative sample of wild species and habitats of global interest. Since 1992, the EU promotes the development of Natura 2000 network for nature conservation areas to cover all EU member countries, as well as all successful candidates. The project is based on two European Union directives, Habitats Directive and Birds Directive, regulating the manner of selection and designation of sites and their protection. After accession, in the Romanian legislation, these two directives are transposed by Emergency Ordinance No. 57/20 June 2007 on the system of protected natural areas, conservation status, natural habitats, wild flora and fauna, with subsequent amendments.

Natura 2000 is a network made up of Natura 2000 sites of two types: special areas of conservation (SAC-Special Areas of Conservation) established under Directive Habitats and Areas of Special Protection (SPA-Special Protection Areas), established under the Directive Birds. The current expansion of the Nature 2000 network has proved to be necessary as a result of the findings and the biogeographic seminars of the European Community, including precise digitizing Nature 2000 areas boundaries in GIS. The integrated system for the management of protected areas data follows the three directives: Directive 92/23/EEC, the Habitats Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, 79/409/EEC Directive on the conservation of wild birds and poultry, 2007/2/EEC Council directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the European Community (INSPIRE).

Description of the system

Implementation of the project lasted one year and was carried out between December 2009 and December 2010.Consolidation of information at national level (including reporting QA/QC), as well as automated reporting by EC, were two of the main benefits of the project implementation. Also, with the help of web applications and website, available 24 h/7, we were able to formalize a process by disseminating information to the general public. Last but not least, it reached the highest levels of data storage, and time tracking.

System information is divided into two sections, with specific functionalities:

  • Front-end: for external users; exposing  visualization functions of  public data, being managed by the entire information system;
  • Back-end – supports functions of the Front End.

Information system for managing sites:

  • Implements the standard forms of Nature 2000 for new Nature 2000 sites;
  • Consolidate data in accordance with EU requirements;
  • Relational database of geo-spatial (SGBDR) with high capacities of replication & back-up;
  • Advanced System GIS- geographic information System based on ESRI technology;
  • Manages resources, processes and documents;
  • Systems and support services for inter-operability with external systems (e.g. INSPIRE Geoportal of the Ministry of Environment and Forests).

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